Tips From a Taxidermist: How to Prep Deer for a Mount
February 18, 2022
Do you want to preserve your deer hunting trophy? These 7 taxidermist tips will help you learn how to prep your deer for a mount and get great results.
Maybe you’re hot on the trail of a once-in-a-lifetime buck. You finally drew that elusive tag you’ve coveted for 20 years. Or your teen is headed on her first whitetail hunt and has her camo game face on. Whatever your motivation, wall-mounting is a great way to save your animal, preserve a hunting memory, and make the moment visible for family and friends.
You’ve got the tag, a prime piece of real estate on your wall, and now you’re ready to add the trophy. What can you do to prep your deer and make sure your mount turns out incredible? We reached out to taxidermist Spencer Westlund of Westlund Taxidermy to find out. Spencer has been in business for over 13 years and knows firsthand what hunters should do or avoid when prepping a mount. Let’s tap his experience.
7 Dos and Don’ts for Hunters Preparing to Mount a Deer
An eye-catching mount involves more than securing a great taxidermist—although that’s a must. A big part of the prep work for a successful mount is in your hands. Follow these seven tips to care for your deer before it goes to the taxidermist and you’ll be enjoying it for years to come.
1. Get Educated
If you’ve never caped out an animal, pick up some practical know-how before you’re in the field looking at your downed deer and wondering what to do. There are critical steps that need to be completed quickly—and in the correct way—when caping out a trophy. Here are some helpful places to start learning:
- Video: How to Cape a Whitetail Deer for Taxidermy
- Blog: Harvest 101: How to Care for Deer After the Kill
- In Person: Know a taxidermist in your neck of the woods? See if you can drop in for advice. Most will be happy to provide pointers on how to cape out and preserve your deer—especially if your animal is coming to their shop for mounting.
2. Clean Kill Shot
From an ethical standpoint, where you place a shot on your deer always matters—but it’s doubly important if you plan to mount. Most taxidermists can repair some holes, but if you really damage the animal, it could cost you the hide and your mount. So, first rule? Avoid a shot to the head, for obvious reasons. Take time for target practice and get comfortable making a clean shot behind the shoulder. This will kill the deer quickly and maintain the integrity of your mount. If you need to dispatch a deer after the first shot, avoid slitting the neck.
3. Mind the Antlers
Early-season hunters may get a stab at a buck with antlers still in velvet. This makes for a unique mount—but velvet is a heck of a lot harder to preserve than a hardened antler, especially as early hunts happen in warm weather. Save that coveted velvet by following these three steps:
- Quickly get the rack on ice or in a freezer.
- Treat the rack with a preservative like Velvalok. It’s an easy spray that will buy you time, and you can pick it up at any outdoor retailer.
- Get the rack to the taxidermist ASAP.
4. Cape Out Correctly
A shoulder mount is the most common mount hunters choose for displaying deer. Here are a few fundamentals Westlund recommends (and your taxidermist will be glad you followed) to prep and cape deer for a shoulder mount:
- Leave plenty of cape. Before skinning, find the last rib on your deer behind the front legs, move forward one or two ribs, and begin your circle cut around the body there. This leaves plenty of hide for your taxidermist to work with.
- Tube the legs. Cut the front legs off your deer just above the knee. The hide should slide easily off without needing to make a cut up the legs. Note: Many whitetail deer taxidermists prefer to cut down the backside of the legs rather than tube them. If possible, find out your taxidermist’s preference before caping out.
- Don’t skin the face. Leave the detail work to the expert unless you’re very sure you know how to skin the head and face. Mistakes on your deer’s mug can be nightmarish to repair.
5. Keep it Clean
If you’re dragging a deer back to camp or the truck, it can be tough keeping it clean. But do your best. Drag deer by the antlers and keep the front end off the ground to preserve the condition of the hide. Better yet? Put your deer on a tarp to take the brunt of the dragging, or cape out and quarter the animal instead. Once you have the cape off, keep it clean and away from blood, dirt, and fumes.
6. Cool it Down
Heat is murder on a cape—even after it’s been skinned from the body. If you roll it up with heat still trapped in the middle, it could go rotten even on ice. Solution? Air out the cape for at least 20 minutes. Make sure it’s cool to the touch before rolling or folding. And don’t leave chunks of meat on the skin that bacteria can grow on.
If it’s above 40 degrees, get your aired cape on ice quickly. Roll it, double wrap it in plastic bags, and lay the hide on top of ice in a cooler; don’t let it become submerged in water. This will preserve the hide for a day or two until you can get it to the taxidermist. If you need to keep the cape longer, put it in the freezer in a confined space.
7. Hold the Salt
Salting a cape pulls out moisture from the skin and cures it before tanning. While some hunters may be savvy enough to salt the hide themselves, most taxidermists prefer you don’t. Do it wrong and you risk ruining your hide. So, resist the temptation and leave that salty work to the taxidermist.
Preserve the Memory
You’re now ready to bring in your trophy buck and fill that place of honor on your wall! Following these seven tips will help you prep and preserve your deer, create an incredible mount, and capture an unforgettable memory. And in the end, isn’t that the most important thing to remember? You’re preserving a memory, not just a mount.
“It’s a lifetime memory,” Westlund said. “That deer is going to hang on your wall forever. When friends and family come to visit, it’s there, the hunting memory is there. In 20 years from now you’ll look at it and still remember the experience clearly because you’re seeing it every day on your wall.”
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